2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events




    


2019 Phases of the Moon

Central Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2019 Phases of the Moon
Central Standard Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
Jan 5 19:28 P Jan 14 00:45 Jan 20 23:16 t Jan 27 15:10
Feb 4 15:04 Feb 12 16:26 Feb 19 09:53 Feb 26 05:28
Mar 6 10:04 Mar 14 04:27 Mar 20 19:43 Mar 27 22:10
Apr 5 02:50 Apr 12 13:06 Apr 19 05:12 Apr 26 16:18
May 4 16:45 May 11 19:12 May 18 15:11 May 26 10:33
Jun 3 04:02 Jun 9 23:59 Jun 17 02:31 Jun 25 03:46
Jul 2 13:16 T Jul 9 04:55 Jul 16 15:38 p Jul 24 19:18
Jul 31 21:12 Aug 7 11:31 Aug 15 06:29 Aug 23 08:56
Aug 30 04:37 Sep 5 21:10 Sep 13 22:33 Sep 21 20:41
Sep 28 12:26 Oct 5 10:47 Oct 13 15:08 Oct 21 06:39
Oct 27 21:38 Nov 4 04:23 Nov 12 07:34 Nov 19 15:11
Nov 26 09:06 Dec 4 00:58 Dec 11 23:12 Dec 18 22:57
Dec 25 23:13 A ---

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Central Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     CST   Event
        (h:m)

Jan 01  15:50  Venus 1.3°S of Moon
    01  23     Saturn in Conjunction with Sun 
    02  23     Earth at Perihelion: 0.98330 AU
    03  01:37  Jupiter 3.1°S of Moon
    03  20     Quadrantid Meteor Shower
    05  19:28  NEW MOON 
    05  19:41  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.715
    05  23     Venus at Greatest Elong: 47.0°W
    06  18:08  Moon at Descending Node 
    08  22:29  Moon at Apogee: 406116 km
    12  02     Mercury at Aphelion 
    12  13:47  Mars 5.3°N of Moon
    14  00:45  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    17  12:20  Aldebaran 1.6°S of Moon
    20  16:48  Moon at Ascending Node 
    20  23:12  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.195
    20  23:16  FULL MOON 
    21  09:32  Beehive 0.6°N of Moon
    21  13:58  Moon at Perigee: 357345 km
    22  19:41  Regulus 2.5°S of Moon
    27  15:10  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    29  21     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    30  17:54  Jupiter 2.8°S of Moon
    31  11:36  Venus 0.1°S of Moon: Occn.

Feb 02  01:18  Saturn 0.6°S of Moon: Occn.
    03  00:35  Moon at Descending Node 
    04  15:04  NEW MOON 
    05  03:26  Moon at Apogee: 406556 km
    12  16:26  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    13  21:29  Aldebaran 1.7°S of Moon
    17  03:42  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  21:05  Beehive 0.6°N of Moon
    19  03:06  Moon at Perigee: 356762 km
    19  07:08  Regulus 2.5°S of Moon
    19  09:53  FULL MOON 
    25  02     Mercury at Perihelion 
    26  05:28  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    26  19     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.1°E
    27  08:17  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon

Mar 01  12:40  Saturn 0.3°S of Moon: Occn.
    02  05:03  Moon at Descending Node 
    02  15:28  Venus 1.2°N of Moon
    04  05:25  Moon at Apogee: 406391 km
    06  10:04  NEW MOON 
    06  19     Neptune in Conjunction with Sun 
    11  06:09  Mars 5.8°N of Moon
    13  04:13  Aldebaran 1.9°S of Moon
    14  04:27  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    14  20     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    16  10:22  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  07:01  Beehive 0.5°N of Moon
    18  17:59  Regulus 2.6°S of Moon
    19  13:47  Moon at Perigee: 359381 km
    20  15:58  Vernal Equinox 
    20  19:43  FULL MOON 
    26  20:28  Jupiter 1.9°S of Moon
    27  22:10  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    28  23:11  Saturn 0.1°N of Moon: Occn.
    29  07:08  Moon at Descending Node 
    30  21:06  Mars 3.1°S of Pleiades
    31  18:14  Moon at Apogee: 405577 km

Apr 01  22:18  Venus 2.7°N of Moon
    02  17:01  Mercury 3.6°N of Moon
    05  02:50  NEW MOON 
    09  00:40  Mars 4.7°N of Moon
    09  09:43  Aldebaran 2.1°S of Moon
    11  13     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.7°W
    12  12:08  Moon at Ascending Node 
    12  13:06  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    13  14:12  Beehive 0.2°N of Moon
    14  18:24  Mars 6.4°N of Aldebaran
    15  02:22  Regulus 2.7°S of Moon
    16  14     Mercury 4.3° of Venus
    16  16:02  Moon at Perigee: 364209 km
    17  21     Venus at Aphelion 
    19  05:12  FULL MOON 
    22  18     Lyrid Meteor Shower
    22  18     Uranus in Conjunction with Sun 
    23  05:36  Jupiter 1.6°S of Moon
    25  08:38  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    25  09:02  Moon at Descending Node 
    26  16:18  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    28  12:20  Moon at Apogee: 404577 km

May 02  05:39  Venus 3.6°N of Moon
    03  00:26  Mercury 2.9°N of Moon
    04  16:45  NEW MOON 
    05  07     Eta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    06  15:52  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    07  17:36  Mars 3.2°N of Moon
    09  12:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    09  21:30  Pollux 6.3°N of Moon
    10  19:35  Beehive 0.0°S of Moon
    11  19:12  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    12  08:19  Regulus 3.0°S of Moon
    13  15:53  Moon at Perigee: 369017 km
    18  15:11  FULL MOON 
    20  10:54  Jupiter 1.7°S of Moon
    21  07     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    22  13:12  Moon at Descending Node 
    22  16:25  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    24  01     Mercury at Perihelion 
    26  07:27  Moon at Apogee: 404134 km
    26  10:33  LAST QUARTER MOON 

Jun 01  12:15  Venus 3.2°N of Moon
    03  04:02  NEW MOON 
    04  09:42  Mercury 3.7°N of Moon
    05  09:05  Mars 1.6°N of Moon
    05  16:46  Moon at Ascending Node 
    06  03:41  Pollux 6.2°N of Moon
    07  01:19  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    07  17:21  Moon at Perigee: 368508 km
    08  13:36  Regulus 3.2°S of Moon
    08  19:51  Venus 5.0°S of Pleiades
    09  23:59  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  09     Jupiter at Opposition 
    16  12:50  Jupiter 2.0°S of Moon
    16  17:09  Venus 4.6°N of Aldebaran
    17  02:31  FULL MOON 
    18  12     Mercury 0.2° of Mars
    18  19:49  Moon at Descending Node 
    18  21:58  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    19  07:04  Mercury 5.2°S of Pollux
    21  02:00  Mars 5.4°S of Pollux
    21  09:54  Summer Solstice 
    23  01:50  Moon at Apogee: 404549 km
    23  17     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 25.2°E
    25  03:46  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    30  09:06  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon

Date     CST   Event
        (h:m)

Jul 02  13:16  NEW MOON 
    02  13:23  Total Solar Eclipse; mag=1.046
    03  00:53  Moon at Ascending Node 
    04  02:34  Mercury 3.3°S of Moon
    04  07:20  Mercury 2.5°S of Beehive
    04  09:02  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    04  17     Earth at Aphelion: 1.01676 AU
    04  22:54  Moon at Perigee: 363729 km
    05  17     Mercury 3.8° of Mars
    05  20:17  Regulus 3.2°S of Moon
    07  01     Mercury at Aphelion 
    09  04:55  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  10     Saturn at Opposition 
    13  01:06  Mars 0.4°S of Beehive
    13  13:43  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon
    16  01:27  Saturn 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    16  03:05  Moon at Descending Node 
    16  15:31  Partial Lunar Eclipse; mag=0.653
    16  15:38  FULL MOON 
    20  18:01  Moon at Apogee: 405480 km
    21  07     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    24  19:18  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    27  18:47  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    28  09     Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    30  11:02  Moon at Ascending Node 
    31  21:12  NEW MOON 

Aug 02  01:08  Moon at Perigee: 359398 km
    07  11:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  05     Venus at Perihelion 
    09  16:53  Jupiter 2.5°S of Moon
    09  17     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 19.0°W
    12  04:05  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  08:45  Moon at Descending Node 
    12  08:59  Jupiter 4.3°N of Antares
    13  01     Perseid Meteor Shower
    14  00     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    15  06:29  FULL MOON 
    16  22:24  Mercury 1.2°S of Beehive
    17  04:50  Moon at Apogee: 406244 km
    20  01     Mercury at Perihelion 
    23  08:56  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  03:24  Aldebaran 2.4°S of Moon
    25  18     Mars at Aphelion 
    26  19:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    27  08:30  Pollux 6.1°N of Moon
    28  05:31  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    30  04:37  NEW MOON 
    30  09:57  Moon at Perigee: 357177 km

Sep 02  04     Mars in Conjunction with Sun 
    03  19     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    05  21:10  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    06  00:52  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon
    08  07:53  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    08  11:35  Moon at Descending Node 
    10  00     Neptune at Opposition 
    13  07:32  Moon at Apogee: 406378 km
    13  22:33  FULL MOON 
    20  10:14  Aldebaran 2.6°S of Moon
    21  20:41  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    23  00:30  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  01:50  Autumnal Equinox 
    23  17:34  Pollux 5.9°N of Moon
    24  15:15  Beehive 0.4°S of Moon
    26  02:30  Regulus 3.3°S of Moon
    27  20:27  Moon at Perigee: 357803 km
    28  12:26  NEW MOON 
    28  22:15  Mercury 1.2°N of Spica

Oct 03  14:23  Jupiter 1.9°S of Moon
    05  10:47  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  12:49  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  14:48  Saturn 0.3°N of Moon: Occn.
    10  12:29  Moon at Apogee: 405902 km
    13  15:08  FULL MOON 
    17  15:51  Aldebaran 2.9°S of Moon
    19  22     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 24.6°E
    20  01:28  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  00:21  Pollux 5.7°N of Moon
    21  06:39  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  17     Orionid Meteor Shower
    21  22:41  Beehive 0.6°S of Moon
    23  11:11  Regulus 3.5°S of Moon
    26  04:41  Moon at Perigee: 361316 km
    27  21:38  NEW MOON 
    28  02     Uranus at Opposition 
    29  07:34  Venus 3.9°S of Moon
    30  22     Mercury 2.5° of Venus
    31  08:22  Jupiter 1.3°S of Moon

Nov 01  15:40  Moon at Descending Node 
    02  01:31  Saturn 0.6°N of Moon: Occn.
    04  04:23  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  18     S Taurid Meteor Shower
    07  02:37  Moon at Apogee: 405060 km
    09  13:18  Venus 3.8°N of Antares
    09  17:07  Mars 2.6°N of Spica
    11  09     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    12  07:34  FULL MOON 
    12  17     N Taurid Meteor Shower
    13  21:52  Aldebaran 3.0°S of Moon
    16  00     Mercury at Perihelion 
    16  02:48  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  05:41  Pollux 5.4°N of Moon
    17  23     Leonid Meteor Shower
    18  04:11  Beehive 0.9°S of Moon
    19  15:11  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    19  17:24  Regulus 3.7°S of Moon
    23  01:54  Moon at Perigee: 366721 km
    24  03:02  Mars 4.3°S of Moon
    24  20:50  Mercury 1.9°S of Moon
    26  09:06  NEW MOON 
    28  04     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.1°W
    28  04:49  Jupiter 0.7°S of Moon: Occn.
    28  12:50  Venus 1.9°S of Moon
    28  22:13  Moon at Descending Node 
    29  15:12  Saturn 0.9°N of Moon: Occn.

Dec 04  00:58  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    04  22:09  Moon at Apogee: 404447 km
    11  05:40  Aldebaran 3.0°S of Moon
    11  23:12  FULL MOON 
    13  08:15  Moon at Ascending Node 
    14  11:51  Pollux 5.3°N of Moon
    14  12     Geminid Meteor Shower
    15  09:54  Beehive 1.0°S of Moon
    16  22:41  Regulus 3.8°S of Moon
    18  14:30  Moon at Perigee: 370260 km
    18  22:57  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  22:19  Winter Solstice 
    22  19:49  Mars 3.5°S of Moon
    22  21     Ursid Meteor Shower
    25  23:13  NEW MOON 
    25  23:18  Annular Solar Eclipse; mag=0.970
    26  07:01  Moon at Descending Node 
    27  12     Jupiter in Conjunction with Sun 
    28  19:32  Venus 1.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    29  23     Mercury at Aphelion 

    

Astronomical Definitions

  • Perihelion - the instant when a planet is closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the instant when a planet is furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the instant when the Moon is closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the instant when the Moon is furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)
  • Superior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth (Mercury or Venus)
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the instant when a planet appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the instant when a planet appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Accuracy

The times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours and minutes (i.e., hh:mm) are accurate to the nearest minute. Similarly, the times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours (i.e., hh) are accurate to the nearest hour.

A simplified solar ephemeris results an accuracy of ±0.5 hours for the perihelion and aphelion of Earth. The algorithm used in the perihelion and aphelion of the other planets is based on unperturbed elliptical orbits. For Mars, the accuracy is about 2 hours. Due to mutual planetary perturbations, the times for Jupiter may be in error by several weeks, while Saturn's times may be in error by a month. The times for Uranus and Neptune may be in error by several months. In the future, we plan to develop algorithms to improve the computed times of perihelion and aphelion of the planets.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


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