2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events




    


2014 Phases of the Moon

Mountain Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2014 Phases of the Moon
Mountain Standard Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
Jan 1 04:14 Jan 7 20:39 Jan 15 21:52 Jan 23 22:19
Jan 30 14:39 Feb 6 12:22 Feb 14 16:53 Feb 22 10:15
Mar 1 01:00 Mar 8 06:27 Mar 16 10:09 Mar 23 18:46
Mar 30 11:45 Apr 7 01:31 Apr 15 00:42 t Apr 22 00:52
Apr 28 23:14 A May 6 20:15 May 14 12:16 May 21 05:59
May 28 11:40 Jun 5 13:39 Jun 12 21:11 Jun 19 11:39
Jun 27 01:09 Jul 5 04:59 Jul 12 04:25 Jul 18 19:08
Jul 26 15:42 Aug 3 17:50 Aug 10 11:09 Aug 17 05:26
Aug 25 07:13 Sep 2 04:11 Sep 8 18:38 Sep 15 19:05
Sep 23 23:14 Oct 1 12:33 Oct 8 03:51 t Oct 15 12:12
Oct 23 14:57 P Oct 30 19:48 Nov 6 15:23 Nov 14 08:16
Nov 22 05:32 Nov 29 03:06 Dec 6 05:27 Dec 14 05:51
Dec 21 18:36 Dec 28 11:31 --

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Mountain Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     MST   Event
        (h:m)

Jan 01  04:14  NEW MOON 
    01  14:00  Moon at Perigee: 356922 km
    02  17     Mars at Aphelion 
    03  13     Quadrantid Meteor Shower
    04  04     Earth at Perihelion: 0.98333 AU
    05  13     Jupiter at Opposition 
    07  20:39  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  04:26  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  05     Venus at Inferior Conjunction 
    12  01:36  Aldebaran 2.6°S of Moon
    14  23:00  Jupiter 4.9°N of Moon
    15  18:53  Moon at Apogee: 406537 km
    15  21:52  FULL MOON 
    18  21:43  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    22  23:29  Mars 3.7°N of Moon
    23  02:22  Spica 1.3°S of Moon
    23  19:55  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  21     Venus at Perihelion 
    23  22:19  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    25  07:18  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    28  19:36  Venus 2.2°N of Moon
    30  02:58  Moon at Perigee: 357080 km
    30  14:39  NEW MOON 
    31  03     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.4°E

Feb 01  00:07  Mercury 4.1°S of Moon
    02  13:27  Mars 4.4°N of Spica
    03  17     Mercury at Perihelion 
    05  05:41  Moon at Descending Node 
    06  12:22  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  07:41  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    10  23:10  Jupiter 5.0°N of Moon
    11  22:09  Moon at Apogee: 406232 km
    14  16:53  FULL MOON 
    15  03:40  Regulus 5.1°N of Moon
    15  13     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    19  07:54  Spica 1.6°S of Moon
    19  16:59  Mars 3.1°N of Moon
    19  20:28  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  15:39  Saturn 0.3°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  10:15  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    23  10     Neptune in Conjunction with Sun 
    25  22:23  Venus 0.4°S of Moon: Occn.
    27  12:52  Moon at Perigee: 360439 km
    27  14:24  Mercury 2.9°S of Moon

Mar 01  01:00  NEW MOON 
    04  10:45  Moon at Descending Node 
    07  15:07  Aldebaran 2.1°S of Moon
    08  06:27  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  04:20  Jupiter 5.2°N of Moon
    11  12:46  Moon at Apogee: 405367 km
    13  23     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.6°W
    14  10:33  Regulus 5.1°N of Moon
    16  10:09  FULL MOON 
    18  13:38  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    18  20:14  Mars 3.2°N of Moon
    18  23:30  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  16     Mercury at Aphelion 
    20  09:57  Vernal Equinox 
    20  20:40  Saturn 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  14     Venus at Greatest Elong: 46.6°W
    23  18:46  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    26  08:10  Mars 4.6°N of Spica
    27  02:52  Venus 3.6°S of Moon
    27  11:30  Moon at Perigee: 365706 km
    30  11:45  NEW MOON 
    31  19:30  Moon at Descending Node 

Apr 02  00     Uranus in Conjunction with Sun 
    03  23:52  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    06  15:25  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    07  01:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  07:52  Moon at Apogee: 404503 km
    08  13     Mars at Opposition 
    10  18:26  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    14  11:24  Mars 3.5°N of Moon
    14  20:57  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    15  00:42  FULL MOON 
    15  00:46  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.291
    15  06:22  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  00:42  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  00:52  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    22  10     Lyrid Meteor Shower
    22  17:27  Moon at Perigee: 369765 km
    25  16:16  Venus 4.4°S of Moon
    25  20     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    28  04:36  Moon at Descending Node 
    28  23:03  Annular Solar Eclipse; mag=0.987
    28  23:14  NEW MOON 

May 01  08:51  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    02  16     Mercury at Perihelion 
    04  07:02  Jupiter 5.5°N of Moon
    04  23     Eta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    06  03:22  Moon at Apogee: 404319 km
    06  20:15  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  02:43  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    10  11     Saturn at Opposition 
    11  06:32  Mars 3.0°N of Moon
    12  05:47  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    12  15:06  Moon at Ascending Node 
    14  05:41  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    14  12:16  FULL MOON 
    16  05     Venus at Aphelion 
    18  04:58  Moon at Perigee: 367099 km
    21  05:59  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    25  00     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 22.7°E
    25  08:43  Venus 2.3°S of Moon
    25  10:56  Moon at Descending Node 
    28  11:40  NEW MOON 

Jun 01  01:07  Jupiter 5.5°N of Moon
    02  21:25  Moon at Apogee: 404956 km
    04  10:35  Regulus 5.0°N of Moon
    05  13:39  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    07  17:44  Mars 1.6°N of Moon
    08  15:05  Spica 1.8°S of Moon
    08  22:36  Moon at Ascending Node 
    10  12:11  Saturn 0.6°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  21:11  FULL MOON 
    14  20:34  Moon at Perigee: 362062 km
    15  04:57  Jupiter 6.3°S of Pollux
    19  11:39  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    19  16     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    21  03:52  Summer Solstice 
    21  13:30  Moon at Descending Node 
    23  06:00  Venus 5.6°S of Pleiades
    24  05:54  Venus 1.3°N of Moon
    24  23:22  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    27  01:09  NEW MOON 
    30  12:09  Moon at Apogee: 405932 km

Date     MST   Event
        (h:m)

Jul 01  08:08  Venus 4.0°N of Aldebaran
    01  17:30  Regulus 4.8°N of Moon
    03  17     Earth at Aphelion: 1.01668 AU
    05  04:59  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  18:21  Mars 0.2°S of Moon: Occn.
    05  23:32  Spica 2.0°S of Moon
    06  02:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    07  19:48  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  04:25  FULL MOON 
    12  11     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.9°W
    13  01:27  Moon at Perigee: 358259 km
    13  11:39  Mars 1.2°N of Spica
    16  12     Mercury 6.2° of Venus
    18  14:21  Moon at Descending Node 
    18  19:08  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    22  04:56  Aldebaran 1.8°S of Moon
    24  11:16  Venus 4.4°N of Moon
    24  13     Jupiter in Conjunction with Sun 
    26  15:42  NEW MOON 
    27  20:27  Moon at Apogee: 406570 km
    28  01     Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    28  23:36  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    29  15     Mercury at Perihelion 

Aug 02  04:26  Moon at Ascending Node 
    02  06:27  Spica 2.3°S of Moon
    03  03:02  Mars 2.2°S of Moon
    03  17:50  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    04  03:54  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    06  15:29  Venus 6.5°S of Pollux
    08  09     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    10  10:43  Moon at Perigee: 356897 km
    10  11:09  FULL MOON 
    12  17     Perseid Meteor Shower
    14  17:18  Moon at Descending Node 
    17  05:26  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    17  22:05  Venus 0.9°S of Beehive
    17  23:48  Jupiter 1.1°S of Beehive
    18  10:46  Aldebaran 1.6°S of Moon
    23  23:09  Moon at Apogee: 406523 km
    25  07:13  NEW MOON 
    26  22:33  Mercury 3.4°N of Moon
    29  06     Neptune at Opposition 
    29  06:14  Moon at Ascending Node 
    29  12:08  Spica 2.5°S of Moon
    31  12:21  Saturn 0.4°S of Moon: Occn.
    31  16:43  Mars 4.1°S of Moon

Sep 02  04:11  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  13     Venus at Perihelion 
    07  20:29  Moon at Perigee: 358388 km
    08  18:38  FULL MOON 
    11  00:32  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  15     Mercury at Aphelion 
    14  18:01  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    15  19:05  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    20  03:39  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    20  06:56  Mercury 0.5°S of Spica
    20  07:22  Moon at Apogee: 405846 km
    21  11:52  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    21  15     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 26.4°E
    22  19:30  Autumnal Equinox 
    23  23:14  NEW MOON 
    25  10:41  Moon at Ascending Node 
    25  17:48  Spica 2.6°S of Moon
    26  02:32  Mercury 4.2°S of Moon
    27  21:46  Saturn 0.8°S of Moon: Occn.
    27  23:26  Mars 3.0°N of Antares
    29  10:01  Mars 5.6°S of Moon

Oct 01  12:33  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    06  02:41  Moon at Perigee: 362481 km
    07  13     Uranus at Opposition 
    08  03:51  FULL MOON 
    08  03:55  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.166
    08  10:44  Moon at Descending Node 
    12  02:58  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    15  12:12  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    16  14     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    17  20:25  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    17  23:05  Moon at Apogee: 404898 km
    18  19:08  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    21  09     Orionid Meteor Shower
    22  17:46  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  14:45  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.811
    23  14:57  NEW MOON 
    25  00     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    25  09:04  Saturn 1.0°S of Moon: Occn.
    25  14     Mercury at Perihelion 
    30  19:48  FIRST QUARTER MOON 

Nov 01  05     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.7°W
    02  17:21  Moon at Perigee: 367871 km
    04  05:10  Mercury 3.9°N of Spica
    04  20:13  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  10     S Taurid Meteor Shower
    06  15:23  FULL MOON 
    08  12:41  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    12  09     N Taurid Meteor Shower
    14  08:16  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    14  10:39  Jupiter 5.2°N of Moon
    14  18:56  Moon at Apogee: 404338 km
    15  03:05  Regulus 4.6°N of Moon
    17  15     Leonid Meteor Shower
    18  01     Saturn in Conjunction with Sun 
    19  01:18  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  09:01  Spica 2.6°S of Moon
    22  05:32  NEW MOON 
    27  16:11  Moon at Perigee: 369825 km
    29  03:06  FIRST QUARTER MOON 

Dec 02  01:32  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  21:35  Aldebaran 1.5°S of Moon
    06  05:27  FULL MOON 
    08  03     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    08  12:29  Jupiter 2.7°N of Regulus
    11  20:36  Jupiter 5.1°N of Moon
    12  05     Mars at Perihelion 
    12  11:06  Regulus 4.4°N of Moon
    12  16:02  Moon at Apogee: 404584 km
    14  05     Geminid Meteor Shower
    14  05:51  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    16  06:27  Moon at Ascending Node 
    16  18:05  Spica 2.8°S of Moon
    19  13:55  Saturn 1.6°S of Moon
    21  16:03  Winter Solstice 
    21  18:36  NEW MOON 
    22  13     Ursid Meteor Shower
    24  09:43  Moon at Perigee: 364791 km
    25  00:32  Mars 5.7°S of Moon
    28  11:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    29  02:27  Moon at Descending Node 

    

Astronomical Definitions

  • Perihelion - the instant when a planet is closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the instant when a planet is furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the instant when the Moon is closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the instant when the Moon is furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)
  • Superior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth (Mercury or Venus)
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the instant when a planet appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the instant when a planet appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Accuracy

The times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours and minutes (i.e., hh:mm) are accurate to the nearest minute. Similarly, the times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours (i.e., hh) are accurate to the nearest hour.

A simplified solar ephemeris results an accuracy of ±0.5 hours for the perihelion and aphelion of Earth. The algorithm used in the perihelion and aphelion of the other planets is based on unperturbed elliptical orbits. For Mars, the accuracy is about 2 hours. Due to mutual planetary perturbations, the times for Jupiter may be in error by several weeks, while Saturn's times may be in error by a month. The times for Uranus and Neptune may be in error by several months. In the future, we plan to develop algorithms to improve the computed times of perihelion and aphelion of the planets.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


Return to: Planetary Ephemeris Data