2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events




    


2014 Phases of the Moon

Greenwich Mean Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2014 Phases of the Moon
Greenwich Mean Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
Jan 1 11:14 Jan 8 03:39 Jan 16 04:52 Jan 24 05:19
Jan 30 21:39 Feb 6 19:22 Feb 14 23:53 Feb 22 17:15
Mar 1 08:00 Mar 8 13:27 Mar 16 17:09 Mar 24 01:46
Mar 30 18:45 Apr 7 08:31 Apr 15 07:42 t Apr 22 07:52
Apr 29 06:14 A May 7 03:15 May 14 19:16 May 21 12:59
May 28 18:40 Jun 5 20:39 Jun 13 04:11 Jun 19 18:39
Jun 27 08:09 Jul 5 11:59 Jul 12 11:25 Jul 19 02:08
Jul 26 22:42 Aug 4 00:50 Aug 10 18:09 Aug 17 12:26
Aug 25 14:13 Sep 2 11:11 Sep 9 01:38 Sep 16 02:05
Sep 24 06:14 Oct 1 19:33 Oct 8 10:51 t Oct 15 19:12
Oct 23 21:57 P Oct 31 02:48 Nov 6 22:23 Nov 14 15:16
Nov 22 12:32 Nov 29 10:06 Dec 6 12:27 Dec 14 12:51
Dec 22 01:36 Dec 28 18:31 --

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Greenwich Mean Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     GMT   Event
        (h:m)

Jan 01  11:14  NEW MOON 
    01  21:00  Moon at Perigee: 356922 km
    03  00     Mars at Aphelion 
    04  05:59  Earth at Perihelion: 0.98333 
    05  20     Jupiter at Opposition 
    08  03:39  FIRST QUARTER 
    09  11:26  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  12     Venus at Inferior Conjunction 
    16  01:53  Moon at Apogee: 406537 km
    16  04:52  FULL MOON 
    23  06:29  Mars 3.7°N of Moon
    24  02:55  Moon at Ascending Node 
    24  04     Venus at Perihelion 
    24  05:19  LAST QUARTER 
    25  14:18  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    29  02:36  Venus 2.2°N of Moon
    30  09:58  Moon at Perigee: 357080 km
    30  21:39  NEW MOON 
    31  10     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.4°E

Feb 02  20:27  Mars-Spica: 4.4°N
    04  00     Mercury at Perihelion 
    05  12:41  Moon at Descending Node 
    06  19:22  FIRST QUARTER 
    12  05:09  Moon at Apogee: 406232 km
    14  23:53  FULL MOON 
    15  20     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    19  23:59  Mars 3.1°N of Moon
    20  03:28  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  22:39  Saturn 0.3°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  17:15  LAST QUARTER 
    23  17     Neptune-Sun Conjunction 
    26  05:23  Venus 0.4°S of Moon: Occn.
    27  19:52  Moon at Perigee: 360439 km
    27  21:24  Mercury 2.9°S of Moon

Mar 01  08:00  NEW MOON 
    04  17:45  Moon at Descending Node 
    08  13:27  FIRST QUARTER 
    11  19:46  Moon at Apogee: 405367 km
    14  06     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.6°W
    16  17:09  FULL MOON 
    19  03:14  Mars 3.2°N of Moon
    19  06:30  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  23     Mercury at Aphelion 
    20  16:57  Vernal Equinox 
    21  03:40  Saturn 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  21     Venus at Greatest Elong: 46.6°W
    24  01:46  LAST QUARTER 
    26  15:10  Mars-Spica: 4.6°N
    27  09:52  Venus 3.6°S of Moon
    27  18:30  Moon at Perigee: 365706 km
    30  18:45  NEW MOON 

Apr 01  02:30  Moon at Descending Node 
    02  07     Uranus-Sun Conjunction 
    07  08:31  FIRST QUARTER 
    08  14:52  Moon at Apogee: 404503 km
    08  20     Mars at Opposition 
    14  18:24  Mars 3.5°N of Moon
    15  07:42  FULL MOON 
    15  07:47  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.296
    15  13:22  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  07:42  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  07:52  LAST QUARTER 
    23  00:27  Moon at Perigee: 369765 km
    25  23:16  Venus 4.4°S of Moon
    26  03     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    28  11:36  Moon at Descending Node 
    29  06:04  Non-Central Annular Solar Eclipse; mag=0.982
    29  06:14  NEW MOON 

May 02  23     Mercury at Perihelion 
    06  10:22  Moon at Apogee: 404319 km
    07  03:15  FIRST QUARTER 
    10  18     Saturn at Opposition 
    11  13:32  Mars 3.0°N of Moon
    12  22:06  Moon at Ascending Node 
    14  12:41  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    14  19:16  FULL MOON 
    16  12     Venus at Aphelion 
    18  11:58  Moon at Perigee: 367099 km
    21  12:59  LAST QUARTER 
    25  07     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 22.7°E
    25  15:43  Venus 2.3°S of Moon
    25  17:56  Moon at Descending Node 
    28  18:40  NEW MOON 

Jun 03  04:25  Moon at Apogee: 404956 km
    05  20:39  FIRST QUARTER 
    08  00:44  Mars 1.6°N of Moon
    09  05:36  Moon at Ascending Node 
    10  19:11  Saturn 0.6°N of Moon: Occn.
    13  04:11  FULL MOON 
    15  03:34  Moon at Perigee: 362062 km
    15  11:57  Jupiter-Pollux: 6.3°S
    19  18:39  LAST QUARTER 
    19  23     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    21  10:52  Summer Solstice 
    21  20:30  Moon at Descending Node 
    23  13:00  Venus-Pleiades: 5.6°S
    24  12:54  Venus 1.3°N of Moon
    27  08:09  NEW MOON 
    30  19:09  Moon at Apogee: 405932 km

Date     GMT   Event
        (h:m)

Jul 01  15:08  Venus-Aldebaran: 4.0°N
    03  22:59  Earth at Aphelion: 1.01668 
    05  11:59  FIRST QUARTER 
    06  01:21  Mars 0.2°S of Moon: Occn.
    06  09:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    08  02:48  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  11:25  FULL MOON 
    12  18     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.9°W
    13  08:27  Moon at Perigee: 358259 km
    13  18:39  Mars-Spica: 1.2°N
    16  19     Mercury-Venus: 6.2°
    18  21:21  Moon at Descending Node 
    19  02:08  LAST QUARTER 
    24  18:16  Venus 4.4°N of Moon
    24  20     Jupiter-Sun Conjunction 
    26  22:42  NEW MOON 
    28  03:27  Moon at Apogee: 406570 km
    29  22     Mercury at Perihelion 

Aug 02  11:26  Moon at Ascending Node 
    03  10:02  Mars 2.2°S of Moon
    04  00:50  FIRST QUARTER 
    04  10:54  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    06  22:29  Venus-Pollux: 6.5°S
    08  16     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    10  17:43  Moon at Perigee: 356897 km
    10  18:09  FULL MOON 
    15  00:18  Moon at Descending Node 
    17  12:26  LAST QUARTER 
    18  05:05  Venus-Beehive: 0.9°S
    18  06:48  Jupiter-Beehive: 1.1°S
    24  05:48  Venus 5.7°N of Moon
    24  06:09  Moon at Apogee: 406523 km
    25  14:13  NEW MOON 
    29  13     Neptune at Opposition 
    29  13:14  Moon at Ascending Node 
    31  19:21  Saturn 0.4°S of Moon: Occn.
    31  23:43  Mars 4.1°S of Moon

Sep 02  11:11  FIRST QUARTER 
    05  20     Venus at Perihelion 
    08  03:29  Moon at Perigee: 358388 km
    09  01:38  FULL MOON 
    11  07:32  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  22     Mercury at Aphelion 
    16  02:05  LAST QUARTER 
    20  13:56  Mercury-Spica: 0.5°S
    20  14:22  Moon at Apogee: 405846 km
    21  22     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 26.4°E
    23  02:30  Autumnal Equinox 
    24  06:14  NEW MOON 
    25  17:41  Moon at Ascending Node 
    26  09:32  Mercury 4.2°S of Moon
    28  04:46  Saturn 0.8°S of Moon: Occn.
    28  06:26  Mars-Antares: 3.0°N

Oct 01  19:33  FIRST QUARTER 
    06  09:41  Moon at Perigee: 362481 km
    07  20     Uranus at Opposition 
    08  10:51  FULL MOON 
    08  10:55  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.162
    08  17:44  Moon at Descending Node 
    15  19:12  LAST QUARTER 
    16  21     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    18  06:05  Moon at Apogee: 404898 km
    23  00:46  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  21:45  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.811
    23  21:57  NEW MOON 
    25  07     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    25  16:04  Saturn 1.0°S of Moon: Occn.
    25  21     Mercury at Perihelion 
    31  02:48  FIRST QUARTER 

Nov 01  12     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.7°W
    03  00:21  Moon at Perigee: 367871 km
    04  12:10  Mercury-Spica: 3.9°N
    05  03:13  Moon at Descending Node 
    06  22:23  FULL MOON 
    14  15:16  LAST QUARTER 
    15  01:56  Moon at Apogee: 404338 km
    18  08     Saturn-Sun Conjunction 
    19  08:18  Moon at Ascending Node 
    22  12:32  NEW MOON 
    27  23:11  Moon at Perigee: 369825 km
    29  10:06  FIRST QUARTER 

Dec 02  08:32  Moon at Descending Node 
    06  12:27  FULL MOON 
    08  10     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    12  12     Mars at Perihelion 
    12  23:02  Moon at Apogee: 404584 km
    14  12:51  LAST QUARTER 
    16  13:27  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  20:55  Saturn 1.6°S of Moon
    21  23:03  Winter Solstice 
    22  01:36  NEW MOON 
    24  16:43  Moon at Perigee: 364791 km
    28  18:31  FIRST QUARTER 
    29  09:27  Moon at Descending Node 

  • Perihelion - the position in a planet's orbit closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the position in a planet's orbit furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the position in the Moon's orbit closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the position in the Moon's orbit furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - Mercury or Venus passes between Earth and the Sun
  • Superior Conjunction - Mercury or Venus passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the angle between the Sun and a planet as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the position in a planet's orbit when it appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the position in a planet's orbit when it appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


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