2022 Calendar of Astronomical Events




    


2022 Phases of the Moon

Greenwich Mean Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2022 Phases of the Moon
Greenwich Mean Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
Jan 2 18:33 Jan 9 18:11 Jan 17 23:49 Jan 25 13:41
Feb 1 05:46 Feb 8 13:50 Feb 16 16:57 Feb 23 22:32
Mar 2 17:35 Mar 10 10:45 Mar 18 07:17 Mar 25 05:37
Apr 1 06:24 Apr 9 06:47 Apr 16 18:55 Apr 23 11:56
Apr 30 20:28 P May 9 00:21 May 16 04:14 t May 22 18:43
May 30 11:30 Jun 7 14:48 Jun 14 11:52 Jun 21 03:11
Jun 29 02:52 Jul 7 02:14 Jul 13 18:37 Jul 20 14:18
Jul 28 17:55 Aug 5 11:06 Aug 12 01:36 Aug 19 04:36
Aug 27 08:17 Sep 3 18:08 Sep 10 09:59 Sep 17 21:52
Sep 25 21:54 Oct 3 00:14 Oct 9 20:55 Oct 17 17:15
Oct 25 10:49 P Nov 1 06:37 Nov 8 11:02 t Nov 16 13:27
Nov 23 22:57 Nov 30 14:36 Dec 8 04:08 Dec 16 08:56
Dec 23 10:17 Dec 30 01:21 --

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2022 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Greenwich Mean Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2022 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     GMT   Event
        (h:m)

Jan 01  23:00  Moon at Perigee: 358037 km
    02  18:33  NEW MOON 
    03  21     Quadrantid Meteor Shower
    04  01:23  Mercury 3.1°N of Moon
    04  07     Earth at Perihelion: 0.98333 AU
    04  16:50  Saturn 4.2°N of Moon
    06  00:09  Jupiter 4.5°N of Moon
    07  11     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 19.2°E
    09  01     Venus at Inferior Conjunction 
    09  18:11  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    13  04:19  Moon at Ascending Node 
    13  04     Mercury 3.4° of Saturn
    14  09:27  Moon at Apogee: 405806 km
    15  23     Mercury at Perihelion 
    17  15:37  Pollux 2.6°N of Moon
    17  23:49  FULL MOON 
    18  16:33  Beehive 3.2°S of Moon
    20  10:26  Regulus 4.9°S of Moon
    23  06     Venus at Perihelion 
    23  10     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    24  13:25  Spica 5.5°S of Moon
    25  13:41  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    27  06:14  Moon at Descending Node 
    27  22:57  Antares 3.7°S of Moon
    29  15:05  Mars 2.4°N of Moon
    30  07:09  Moon at Perigee: 362250 km

Feb 01  05:46  NEW MOON 
    02  21:08  Jupiter 4.3°N of Moon
    04  19     Saturn in Conjunction with Sun 
    08  13:50  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  06:12  Moon at Ascending Node 
    11  02:39  Moon at Apogee: 404897 km
    13  22:52  Pollux 2.6°N of Moon
    14  23:42  Beehive 3.2°S of Moon
    16  16:57  FULL MOON 
    16  17:12  Regulus 4.8°S of Moon
    16  21     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 26.3°W
    20  19:00  Spica 5.3°S of Moon
    23  06:54  Moon at Descending Node 
    23  22:32  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  05:17  Antares 3.5°S of Moon
    26  22:18  Moon at Perigee: 367787 km
    27  09:00  Mars 3.5°N of Moon
    28  20:07  Mercury 3.7°N of Moon
    28  23     Mercury at Aphelion 
    28  23:47  Saturn 4.3°N of Moon

Mar 02  16     Mercury 0.7° of Saturn
    02  17:35  NEW MOON 
    05  13     Jupiter in Conjunction with Sun 
    08  08:22  Moon at Ascending Node 
    08  16:46  Pleiades 3.8°N of Moon
    10  10:45  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  23:05  Moon at Apogee: 404268 km
    13  06:58  Pollux 2.4°N of Moon
    13  11     Neptune in Conjunction with Sun 
    14  07:55  Beehive 3.4°S of Moon
    16  01:26  Regulus 4.9°S of Moon
    18  07:17  FULL MOON 
    20  01:51  Spica 5.1°S of Moon
    20  10     Venus at Greatest Elong: 46.6°W
    20  15:33  Vernal Equinox 
    21  06     Mercury 1.2° of Jupiter
    22  08:12  Moon at Descending Node 
    23  10:43  Antares 3.2°S of Moon
    23  23:28  Moon at Perigee: 369764 km
    25  05:37  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    28  02:54  Mars 4.1°N of Moon
    28  11:43  Saturn 4.4°N of Moon

Apr 01  06:24  NEW MOON 
    02  23     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    04  13:05  Moon at Ascending Node 
    05  01:16  Pleiades 3.6°N of Moon
    07  19:11  Moon at Apogee: 404438 km
    09  06:47  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  15:14  Pollux 2.2°N of Moon
    10  16:27  Beehive 3.5°S of Moon
    12  10:27  Regulus 5.0°S of Moon
    13  22     Mercury at Perihelion 
    16  10:46  Spica 5.1°S of Moon
    16  18:55  FULL MOON 
    18  14:01  Moon at Descending Node 
    19  15:16  Moon at Perigee: 365143 km
    19  17:36  Antares 3.1°S of Moon
    22  18     Lyrid Meteor Shower
    23  11:56  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  20:56  Saturn 4.5°N of Moon
    25  22:06  Mars 3.9°N of Moon
    27  01:51  Venus 3.8°N of Moon
    27  08:23  Jupiter 3.6°N of Moon
    29  08     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.6°E
    29  19:31  Mercury 1.3°S of Pleiades
    30  20:28  NEW MOON 
    30  20:41  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.640

May 01  19:53  Moon at Ascending Node 
    02  14:17  Mercury 1.8°N of Moon
    05  08     Eta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    05  09     Uranus in Conjunction with Sun 
    05  12:46  Moon at Apogee: 405287 km
    06  22:56  Pollux 2.1°N of Moon
    08  00:23  Beehive 3.6°S of Moon
    09  00:21  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  19:05  Regulus 5.1°S of Moon
    13  20:56  Spica 5.1°S of Moon
    15  15     Venus at Aphelion 
    15  23:44  Moon at Descending Node 
    16  04:11  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.414
    16  04:14  FULL MOON 
    17  02:48  Antares 3.1°S of Moon
    17  15:23  Moon at Perigee: 360298 km
    21  19     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    22  04:43  Saturn 4.5°N of Moon
    22  18:43  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  19:24  Mars 2.8°N of Moon
    24  23:59  Jupiter 3.3°N of Moon
    27  02:52  Venus 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    29  02:33  Moon at Ascending Node 
    30  11:30  NEW MOON 

Jun 02  01:14  Moon at Apogee: 406191 km
    03  05:42  Pollux 2.1°N of Moon
    04  07:17  Beehive 3.6°S of Moon
    06  02:32  Regulus 5.1°S of Moon
    07  14:48  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  06:46  Spica 5.1°S of Moon
    12  10:02  Moon at Descending Node 
    13  13:26  Antares 3.1°S of Moon
    14  11:52  FULL MOON 
    14  23:21  Moon at Perigee: 357434 km
    16  15     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 23.2°W
    18  12:22  Saturn 4.3°N of Moon
    21  03:11  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  09:14  Summer Solstice 
    21  12     Mars at Perihelion 
    21  13:32  Jupiter 2.7°N of Moon
    22  18:08  Mercury 2.8°N of Aldebaran
    22  18:16  Mars 0.9°N of Moon: Occn.
    23  00:53  Venus 5.6°S of Pleiades
    25  07:10  Moon at Ascending Node 
    25  21:27  Pleiades 3.5°N of Moon
    26  08:11  Venus 2.7°S of Moon
    27  08:19  Mercury 3.9°S of Moon
    29  02:52  NEW MOON 
    29  06:08  Moon at Apogee: 406581 km

Date     GMT   Event
        (h:m)

Jul 01  02:45  Venus 4.0°N of Aldebaran
    01  13:21  Beehive 3.5°S of Moon
    03  08:46  Regulus 4.9°S of Moon
    04  07     Earth at Aphelion: 1.01672 AU
    07  02:14  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    07  15:01  Spica 4.9°S of Moon
    09  17:28  Moon at Descending Node 
    10  22     Mercury at Perihelion 
    10  23:50  Antares 3.0°S of Moon
    13  09:08  Moon at Perigee: 357264 km
    13  18:37  FULL MOON 
    15  20:16  Saturn 4.0°N of Moon
    16  19     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    19  00:55  Jupiter 2.2°N of Moon
    20  14:18  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  16:46  Mars 1.1°S of Moon: Occn.
    22  09:21  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  03:29  Pleiades 3.4°N of Moon
    26  10:22  Moon at Apogee: 406276 km
    26  14:12  Venus 4.2°S of Moon
    28  09     Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    28  17:55  NEW MOON 
    30  14:32  Regulus 4.8°S of Moon

Aug 03  21:26  Spica 4.6°S of Moon
    04  04:58  Mercury 0.6°N of Regulus
    05  11:06  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  20:30  Moon at Descending Node 
    06  09:28  Venus 6.4°S of Pollux
    07  08:29  Antares 2.8°S of Moon
    10  17:14  Moon at Perigee: 359830 km
    12  01:36  FULL MOON 
    12  03:55  Saturn 3.9°N of Moon
    13  01     Perseid Meteor Shower
    14  17     Saturn at Opposition 
    15  09:37  Jupiter 1.9°N of Moon
    17  16:02  Venus 0.9°S of Beehive
    18  10:59  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  04:36  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    19  10:32  Pleiades 3.1°N of Moon
    19  12:16  Mars 2.7°S of Moon
    20  08:36  Mars 5.4°S of Pleiades
    22  21:53  Moon at Apogee: 405419 km
    23  21     Mercury at Aphelion 
    24  00:17  Pollux 2.1°N of Moon
    25  01:46  Beehive 3.5°S of Moon
    25  20:58  Venus 4.3°S of Moon
    27  08:17  NEW MOON 
    27  16     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.3°E
    31  02:59  Spica 4.4°S of Moon

Sep 01  21:12  Moon at Descending Node 
    03  14:56  Antares 2.5°S of Moon
    03  18:08  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    04  23     Venus at Perihelion 
    06  21:28  Mars 4.2°N of Aldebaran
    07  18:17  Moon at Perigee: 364491 km
    08  10:31  Saturn 3.9°N of Moon
    10  09:59  FULL MOON 
    11  15:11  Jupiter 1.8°N of Moon
    14  14:49  Moon at Ascending Node 
    15  18:50  Pleiades 2.9°N of Moon
    16  21     Neptune at Opposition 
    17  01:41  Mars 3.6°S of Moon
    17  21:52  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    19  14:44  Moon at Apogee: 404556 km
    20  07:40  Pollux 1.9°N of Moon
    21  09:11  Beehive 3.6°S of Moon
    23  01:04  Autumnal Equinox 
    23  04:16  Regulus 4.8°S of Moon
    23  07     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    25  21:54  NEW MOON 
    26  18     Jupiter at Opposition 
    28  23:43  Moon at Descending Node 
    30  20:20  Antares 2.4°S of Moon

Oct 03  00:14  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    04  17:01  Moon at Perigee: 369335 km
    05  15:51  Saturn 4.1°N of Moon
    06  21     Mercury at Perihelion 
    08  18:06  Jupiter 2.1°N of Moon
    08  21     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.0°W
    09  20:55  FULL MOON 
    11  21:49  Moon at Ascending Node 
    13  03:46  Pleiades 2.7°N of Moon
    15  04:28  Mars 3.6°S of Moon
    17  10:21  Moon at Apogee: 404330 km
    17  15:41  Pollux 1.8°N of Moon
    17  17:15  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    18  17:17  Beehive 3.8°S of Moon
    20  12:42  Regulus 4.9°S of Moon
    21  18     Orionid Meteor Shower
    22  21     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    25  10:49  NEW MOON 
    25  11:00  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.862
    26  06:30  Moon at Descending Node 
    28  02:48  Antares 2.3°S of Moon
    29  14:48  Moon at Perigee: 368289 km

Nov 01  06:37  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    01  21:08  Saturn 4.2°N of Moon
    04  20:19  Jupiter 2.4°N of Moon
    05  18     S Taurid Meteor Shower
    08  06:08  Moon at Ascending Node 
    08  10:59  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.359
    08  11:02  FULL MOON 
    08  16     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    09  09     Uranus at Opposition 
    09  12:16  Pleiades 2.7°N of Moon
    11  13:43  Mars 2.5°S of Moon
    12  17     N Taurid Meteor Shower
    13  23:43  Pollux 1.7°N of Moon
    14  06:41  Moon at Apogee: 404924 km
    15  01:24  Beehive 3.8°S of Moon
    16  13:27  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    16  21:16  Regulus 5.0°S of Moon
    18  00     Leonid Meteor Shower
    21  03:36  Spica 4.3°S of Moon
    22  16:23  Moon at Descending Node 
    23  22:57  NEW MOON 
    26  01:30  Moon at Perigee: 362826 km
    29  04:40  Saturn 4.2°N of Moon
    30  14:36  FIRST QUARTER MOON 

Dec 02  00:52  Jupiter 2.5°N of Moon
    05  12:39  Moon at Ascending Node 
    06  19:26  Pleiades 2.7°N of Moon
    08  04:08  FULL MOON 
    08  04:21  Mars 0.5°S of Moon: Occn.
    08  04     Mars at Opposition 
    11  07:06  Pollux 1.8°N of Moon
    12  00:30  Moon at Apogee: 405869 km
    12  08:49  Beehive 3.7°S of Moon
    14  05:01  Regulus 4.8°S of Moon
    14  13     Geminid Meteor Shower
    16  08:56  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    18  13:37  Spica 4.1°S of Moon
    20  01:36  Moon at Descending Node 
    21  15     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.1°E
    21  21:48  Winter Solstice 
    21  22:43  Antares 2.3°S of Moon
    22  21     Ursid Meteor Shower
    23  10:17  NEW MOON 
    24  08:32  Moon at Perigee: 358270 km
    24  11:29  Venus 3.5°N of Moon
    24  18:31  Mercury 3.8°N of Moon
    26  16:11  Saturn 4.0°N of Moon
    29  07     Mercury 1.4° of Venus
    29  10:29  Jupiter 2.3°N of Moon
    30  01:21  FIRST QUARTER MOON 

    

Astronomical Definitions

  • Perihelion - the instant when a planet is closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the instant when a planet is furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the instant when the Moon is closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the instant when the Moon is furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)
  • Superior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth (Mercury or Venus)
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the instant when a planet appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the instant when a planet appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Accuracy

The times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours and minutes (i.e., hh:mm) are accurate to the nearest minute. Similarly, the times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours (i.e., hh) are accurate to the nearest hour.

A simplified solar ephemeris results an accuracy of ±0.5 hours for the perihelion and aphelion of Earth. The algorithm used in the perihelion and aphelion of the other planets is based on unperturbed elliptical orbits. For Mars, the accuracy is about 2 hours. Due to mutual planetary perturbations, the times for Jupiter may be in error by several weeks, while Saturn's times may be in error by a month. The times for Uranus and Neptune may be in error by several months. In the future, we plan to develop algorithms to improve the computed times of perihelion and aphelion of the planets.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


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