Telescopium is a Southern Hemisphere constellation otherwise known as the Telescope. It is one of fourteen new constellations created by French astronomer Abbe Nicolas Louis de Lacaille (Wikipedia) in the 1750s, from his star catalog observations from the Cape of Good Hope and published posthumously in Coelum Australe Stelliferum in 1763. Telescopium remains one of the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (Wikipedia).
Telescopium (abbrev. = Tel; genitive = Telescopii) covers 252 square degrees or 0.61% of the celestial sphere making it the 57th largest constellation. It contains 57 stars brighter than apparent magnitude 6.5, the brightest star being Alpha Telescopii.